How can societies better predict or prevent catastrophes such as wildfires and earthquakes? How can communities be helped to recover more quickly from disasters? To help find answers to these and other questions about natural hazards, the US National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded 11 new grants adding up to $27.5 million through its Interdisciplinary Research in Hazards and Disasters (Hazards SEES) solicitation. The effort is part of NSF's Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability (SEES) investment.
"Improving our understanding of the processes associated with natural hazards is of critical importance to all of us," says Roger Wakimoto, NSF Geosciences Directorate assistant director. "These events often result in casualties and can affect the infrastructure on which society relies. Improving our predictive capability while we build resilience so communities can respond and recover are key goals of the projects NSF is supporting through the Hazards SEES program."
Program goals include:
- Advancing understanding of the processes associated with natural hazards and technological hazards linked to natural phenomena, and their interactions.
- Improving understanding of the causes, interdependencies, and cumulative effects these hazards have on individuals, the natural and built environments, and society as a whole.
- Enhancing capabilities for forecasting or predicting hazards, mitigating their effects, and enhancing the capacity to respond to and recover from resulting disasters.
The 2015 NSF Hazards SEES grant awards are:
- Crystal Kolden, University of Idaho, Hazards SEES: Advancing Resilience to Compounding Disasters: An Integrated Natural-Human Systems Assessment of Wildfire Vulnerability
- Abbie Liel, University of Colorado Boulder, Hazards SEES: The Risk Landscape of Earthquakes Induced by Deep Wastewater Injection
- Ning Lin, Princeton University, Hazard SEES: An Integrated Approach to Risk Assessment and Management in Responding to Land Falling Hurricanes in a Changing Climate
- Thomas Overbye, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,Hazards SEES: Improved prediction of geomagnetic disturbances, geomagnetically induced currents, and their impacts on power distribution systems
- Srinivasan Parthasarathy, Ohio State University, Hazards SEES: Social and Physical Sensing Enabled Decision Support for Disaster Management and Response
- Thomas Peacock, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,Hazards SEES: Advanced Lagrangian Methods for Prediction, Mitigation and Response to Environmental Flow Hazards
- Justin Sheffield, Princeton University, Hazards SEES: Understanding Cross-Scale Interactions of Trade and Food Policy to Improve Resilience to Drought Risk
- Brian Stone, Georgia Tech Research Corporation, Hazards SEES: Enhancing Emergency Preparedness for Critical Infrastructure Failure during Extreme Heat Events
- Christina Tague, University of California, Santa Barbara, Hazards SEES: Land Management Strategies for Confronting Risks and Consequences of Wildfire
- Satish Ukkusuri, Purdue University, Hazards SEES: Bridging Information, Uncertainty, and Decision-Making in Hurricanes using an Interdisciplinary Perspective
- Greg Valentine, SUNY at Buffalo, Hazards SEES: Persistent volcanic crises resilience in the face of prolonged and uncertain risk