Senate committee briefed on latest terrorism threats

Published: Monday, 12 October 2015 07:01

The Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs has received an update on current threats to the US homeland. FBI Director James Comey, Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson and Director of the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) Nicholas Rasmussen all appeared before the committee.

Comey told the committee that while counterterrorism remains the FBI’s top priority, the threat itself has changed in two significant ways. First, the ‘progeny of al Qaeda’ - including ISIL, AQAP, and al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb - have become the main focus. And second, the FBI is dealing with an explosion of terrorist propaganda and training on the Internet, in particular social media, so it’s no longer necessary to get a terrorist operative into the US to recruit.

Comey’s message defining a ‘new reality’ of terrorism echoed messages delivered by Jeh Johnson and Nicholas Rasmussen. Rasmussen stated, “Unlike al-Qaeda, who was often running their enterprise as a clandestine movement with a very, very rigorous vetting process before allowing individuals inside the fold, ISIL is issuing an open invitation on social media for people to come to the caliphate and join.”

Comey said that the Bureau continues to identify individuals who want to join the ranks of foreign fighters in support of ISIL and homegrown violent extremists who may aspire to attack the United States from within, and he highlighted several case examples. He also discussed the ‘Going Dark’ issue, which involves the impact of emerging technologies on the FBI’s ability to fulfill its public safety and national security missions. Comey said that the government continues discussions with private companies to ensure they understand the risks that result from malicious actors’ use of their encrypted products and services.

In talking about the cyber threat - from state-sponsored hackers, hackers for hire, organized crime syndicates, and terrorists -Comey said that an element of virtually every national security threat and crime problem the FBI faces is cyber-based or facilitated. And he specifically highlighted an increase in the scale and scope of reporting on malicious cyber activity measured by the amount of corporate data stolen or deleted, personally identifiable information compromised, or remediation costs incurred by US victims. To counter the cyber threat, Comey said that Bureau agents, analysts, and computer scientists use technical capabilities and traditional investigative techniques. They also work cooperatively with local, state, federal, and international partners and with the private sector.